The Issue of Gender in “The Yan’an Way”
Author:He Guimei
Key Word:“Resolution of ‘43’, ‘The Yan’an Way’”, Women’s Liberation, Family Structure, Patriarchy, Marxism, Feminism

The “Resolution by the CCP Central Committee Regarding the Current Direction of Woman-Work in the Anti-Japanese Base Areas,”

known more simply as the “ Resolution of ‘43” (Si San Jueding 四三決定),” began its full-scale implementation in 1943. Aimed specifi-

cally at the issue of overly radical “feminism” and its influence on the steady development of rural society, it sought after a practical means

of circumventing rural conflict by emphasizing women’s participation in [general] production as well as an overall increase in their

contribution towards economic production. While this new policy helped to reduce dissonance and strengthen the unity of the people,

the broader issue of gender remained concealed under the traditional patriarchal family structure [embedded] in rural society. During the

Yan’an period, Ding Ling, the representative “New Woman,” had come under heavy criticism due to her divergence with popular opin-

ion at the time. Her eventual standing in line with “the spirit and principles of the party” would put an end to this matter, and although this

admittedly played to the needs of the revolutionary situation, it would force the already semi-discernible issue of gender to become pigeon-

holed once more. Attitudes held towards the gender issue in “The Yan’an Way” may be traced back to the early efforts to integrate

feminine discourse into left-wing revolutionary discourse during the period following the May Fourth Movement, and are also closely re-

lated to Women’s Liberation theory, which had served as part of the basis for international communist movements. A re-examination of

these [developments] will serve as a useful means of incorporating feminism more proactively into modern China’s socialist practice.

页码:45-64    页数:20

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