After the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Ding Ling and others formed the Northwest Front-Line Service Corps and assumed
the important responsibility of wartime mobilization. Amongst all literary and artistic forms, the drama became Ding Ling’s preferred
form of propaganda because of its “immense power to induce and incite the people.” In order to adapt to the performance space, audi-
ence seating, and stage conditions, the Northwest Front-Line Service Corps adopted the “improvised” method in creating, rehearsing, and
performing, to great results. However, the “improvised” performance also encountered problems with regards to public propaganda, art
consumption, and alteration of traditional Chinese theater. In fact, the“improvised” performance touched on the crux of “improvised” art
and its deep predicament.